Pre-Design and Programming
- Understand client’s needs and goals
- Help develop programmatic requirements for the project
- Define the scope of the project (size, complexity, level of finish, costs, schedule, scopes of professional services)
- For additions and renovations-field measuring and existing condition drawings (as-built drawings and documentation)
- Verify and analyze the site conditions to determine how the site will impact the project
- Review code and zoning regulations such as setbacks, building height and lot coverage
- Understand and assist the client with construction cost allowances and planning
- Understand overall likely project costs
- Inform you about potential complexities and complications that your project may entail
Based on the existing site and building conditions, pre-design, and our initial discussions, we prepare a detailed program that identifies spaces and areas required for the project. The sketches prepared during this phase represent the layout of rooms and placement of building on the site, as appropriate. Here Architects create options and set the direction for the design. Sketches, plans, diagrams and modeling convey in sufficient detail the approximate size and location of rooms, walls, windows, doors and other built-in features, and are used to obtain a preliminary budget allowance from a general contractor.
Schematic design for new construction typically begins with analysis of the project site and spatial relationship diagrams that illustrate how areas will relate to or connect with one another. We will provide a conceptual site plan and show the shape of the building on the site, in addition to the space layouts as noted above. It is important that you are in agreement with us about the direction the project as portrayed in the schematic design documents. This stage is the easiest time to make changes and to add or subtract features from your design.
The major goal in schematic design phase of additions and renovations is to complement and add to existing architectural forms, materials and styles, and to create comfortable and natural transitions between new and existing spaces. Relationship diagrams may be used if the renovations/addition are extensive and include multiple areas. Most often we will develop the existing conditions (“as-built”) drawings and continue into sketches and special diagrams based on the project goals.
- Meet with the client, propose alternative approaches, study your space and functional needs and desires
- Prepare schematic site plans, renderings, plans, and elevation drawings of the building project, usually in sketch form
- Prepare schematic site plans–usually in sketch form
- Assist in preparing an initial allowance of construction cost based on area, volume or other unit costs to determine if the scope of the project conforms to the client’s budget
- Prepare initial modeling and three-dimensional studies to help you visualize the design
- Discuss additional architectural services or additional professionals for your project (general contractors, structural engineers, civil engineers, mechanical/electrical/plumbing consultants, interior designers, planners, lighting designers, landscape architects) who may add value to your project
- Discuss how to interview and hire a builder, bid, or negotiate your project
- Set project schedules and goals
Based on an approved schematic design, project schedules, goals, and budgets we complete more detailed drawings to further define the scope, scale, and character of a new building or your addition/renovation. Drawings will identify relationships, forms, assemblies, and appearance, and will also act as a preliminary layout of the construction documents.
In this phase an Architect further refines the design, aligning it with your needs and tastes. This stage of design yields floor plans, building sections, and elevations in CAD (computer aided design) software and three-dimensional interior and exterior modeling. Many specifications (detailed descriptions of specific materials, equipment and finishes) documented in the Architect’s plans will need to be decided in this phase, including decisions on interior and exterior materials, finishes, equipment, doors and windows, and other permanent features.
- Commences after client approval of the Schematic Design Phase
- Includes the preparation of hardline plan, elevation and section scaled drawings utilizing
current and malleable computer aided design software
- Includes the preparation of hardline drawings of site plans
- Includes making material selections, finish selections, equipment selections, choosing mechanical systems
- Includes the review of decisions and selections to insure the design is evolving in accord with the initial design intent
- May include bringing additional design professionals into the project development and present their initial ideas, drawings, and details. This could include general contractors, structural engineers, civil engineers, mechanical/electrical/plumbing consultants, interior designers, planners, lighting designers, and landscape architects
- Includes making design decisions to accomplish final material and equipment recommendations, pricing and budgeting
- Should include retaining a general contractor to revisit the preliminary estimate of construction cost as the design becomes more clarified. This can involve one or more contractors to prepare preliminary estimates